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S3 Pipelines Quickstart min read

S3 Pipeline Quickstart

To create and interact with an S3 Pipeline quickly, follow the instructions in this section.


To complete this Quickstart, your environment must meet the following prerequisites:

  • AWS Account: This Quickstart uses Amazon S3 and requires an AWS account’s access key id and secret access key.
  • SingleStore DB installation –or– a SingleStore Managed Service cluster: You will connect to the database or cluster and create a pipeline to pull data from your Amazon S3 bucket.

Part 1: Creating an Amazon S3 Bucket and Adding a File

The first part of this Quickstart involves creating a new bucket in your Amazon S3 account, and then adding a simple file into the bucket. You can create a new bucket using a few different methods, but the following steps use the browser-based AWS Management Console.

Note: The following steps assume that you have previous experience with Amazon S3. If you are unfamiliar with this service, see the Amazon S3 documentation.

  1. On your local machine, create a text file with the following CSV contents and name it books.txt:
The Catcher in the Rye, J.D. Salinger, 1945
Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen, 1813
Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck, 1937
Frankenstein, Mary Shelley, 1818
  1. In a browser window, go to https://console.aws.amazon.com and authenticate with your AWS credentials.

  2. After you’ve authenticated, go to https://console.aws.amazon.com/s3 to access the S3 console.

  3. From the S3 console, click Create Bucket in the top left of the page.


  4. From the Create a Bucket dialog, enter the name of the bucket and select an AWS region.


    Take note of the Region where the bucket will be created. You can specify a CONFIG clause when creating a pipeline to provide the bucket’s region, but if no CONFIG clause is specified, the pipeline will be automatically configured to use the us-east-1 region.

  5. After the bucket has been created, click on it from the list of buckets.

  6. Now you will upload the books.txt file you created earlier. Click the Upload button in the top left of the page, and either drag-and-drop the books.txt file or select it using a file dialog by clicking Add Files.


Once the books.txt file has been uploaded, you can proceed to the next part of the Quickstart.

Part 2: Creating a SingleStore Database and S3 Pipeline

Now that you have an S3 bucket that contains an object (file), you can use SingleStore Managed Service or DB to create a new pipeline and ingest the messages.

Create a new database and a table that adheres to the schema contained in books.txt file. At the prompt, execute the following statements:

CREATE TABLE classic_books
title VARCHAR(255),
author VARCHAR(255),
date VARCHAR(255)

These statements create a new database named books and a new table named classic_books, which has three columns: title, author, and date.

Now that the destination database and table have been created, you can create an S3 pipeline. In Part 1 of this Quickstart, you uploaded the books.txt file to your bucket. To create the pipeline, you will need the following information:

  • The name of the bucket, such as: my-bucket-name
  • The name of the bucket’s region, such as: us-west-1
  • Your AWS account’s access keys, such as:
    • Access Key ID: your_access_key_id
    • Secret Access Key: your_access_key_id

Using these identifiers and keys, execute the following statement, replacing the placeholder values with your own:

AS LOAD DATA S3 'my-bucket-name'
CONFIG '{"region": "us-west-1"}'
CREDENTIALS '{"aws_access_key_id": "your_access_key_id", "aws_secret_access_key": "your_secret_access_key"}'
INTO TABLE `classic_books`

You can see what files the pipeline wants to load by running the following:

SELECT * FROM information_schema.PIPELINES_FILES;

If everything is properly configured, you should see one row in the Unloaded state, corresponding to books.txt. The CREATE PIPELINE statement creates a new pipeline named library, but the pipeline has not yet been started, and no data has been loaded. A SingleStore pipeline can run either in the background or be triggered by a foreground query. Start it in the foreground first.


When this command returns success, all files from your bucket will be loaded. If you check information_schema.PIPELINES_FILES again, you should see all files in the Loaded state. Now query the classic_books table to make sure the data has actually loaded.

memsql> SELECT * FROM classic_books;
| title                  | author          | date  |
| The Catcher in the Rye |  J.D. Salinger  |  1945 |
| Pride and Prejudice    |  Jane Austen    |  1813 |
| Of Mice and Men        |  John Steinbeck |  1937 |
| Frankenstein           |  Mary Shelley   |  1818 |

You can also have SingleStore run your pipeline in the background. In such a configuration, SingleStore will periodically poll S3 for new files and continuously them as they are added to the bucket. Before running your pipeline in the background, you must reset the state of the pipeline and the table.

DELETE FROM classic_books;

The first command deletes all rows from the target table. The second causes the pipeline to start from the beginning, in this case, “forgetting” it already loaded books.txt so you can load it again. You can also drop and recreate the pipeline, if you prefer.
To start a pipeline in the background, run


This statement starts the pipeline. To see whether the pipeline is running, run SHOW PIPELINES.

| Pipelines_in_books   | State   |
| library              | Running |

At this point, the pipeline is running and the contents of the books.txt file should once again be present in the classic_books table.


Foreground pipelines and background pipelines have different intended uses and behave differently. For more information, see the START PIPELINE topic.

Next Steps

Now that you have a running pipeline, any new files you add to your bucket will be automatically ingested. To understand how an S3 pipeline ingests large amounts of objects in a bucket, see the Parallelized Data Loading section in the Extractors topic. You can also learn more about how to transform the ingested data by reading the Transforms topic.