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PERCENTILE_DISC

In MemSQL, percentile functions are only available as window functions. There are two percentile functions: PERCENTILE_CONT and [PERCENTILE_DISC]. PERCENTILE_DISC() is an inverse distribution function that assumes a discrete distribution between values of the expression in the sort specification. It returns the first element whose sort position among all non-null rows is greater than or equal to the percentile. For an overview of window functions in MemSQL, see Window Functions Guide.

Syntax

PERCENTILE_DISC(percentile)
WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY (col | expr))
[OVER (
    [PARTITION BY (col | expr), ...]
    [frame_clause]
)]

or equivalently

PERCENTILE_DISC(percentile)
OVER (
        ORDER BY (col | expr)
        [PARTITION BY {col | expr}, ...]
        [frame_clause]
)

Arguments

percentile

A numeric value between 0 and 1.

col

A column of any column data type.

expr

An expression that evaluates to any column data type.

Remarks

PERCENTILE_DISC() can only be used as a window function.

The OVER() clause defines how to partition the input set. If no PARTITION BY clause is specified, the entire input set is treated as a single partition.

Only one column or expression is allowed in the ORDER BY clause.

Example

The following example creates a table containing accounts, the account type, and the current balance of each. The resulting window frame shows the discrete median of the balance for each account type.

CREATE TABLE accounts(account_id INT, category VARCHAR(30), balance DECIMAL(18,2));
INSERT INTO accounts VALUES
      (1, "Checking", 100.01), (2, "Savings", 1000.00),
      (3, "Checking", 12345.67), (4, "Savings", 654321.00), (null, "Checking", 2.00),
      (5, "Savings", 250.00), (6, "CD", 1500.00), (7, "CD", 100.00), (8, "Checking", 80.80);

SELECT account_id, category, balance, PERCENTILE_DISC(.5)
WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY balance) OVER (PARTITION BY category)
AS discrete_median FROM accounts;
****
+------------+----------+-----------+-----------------+
| account_id | category | balance   | discrete_median |
+------------+----------+-----------+-----------------+
|          7 | CD       |    100.00 |          100.00 |
|          6 | CD       |   1500.00 |          100.00 |
|       NULL | Checking |      2.00 |           80.80 |
|          8 | Checking |     80.80 |           80.80 |
|          1 | Checking |    100.01 |           80.80 |
|          3 | Checking |  12345.67 |           80.80 |
|          5 | Savings  |    250.00 |         1000.00 |
|          2 | Savings  |   1000.00 |         1000.00 |
|          4 | Savings  | 654321.00 |         1000.00 |
+------------+----------+-----------+-----------------+